British Museum

british-museum-entrance

British Museum

British Museum is located in Bloomsbury, London. It is one the biggest and oldest museums in the world. It was established by an act of Parliament in 1753, and based on the collections of Sir Hans Sloan; Robert Harley, 1st earl of Oxford; and Sir Robert Cotton. Towards the end of the 18th century countless objects from unknown lands were brought by Captain James Cook and other British explorers from their intrepid voyages around the world. These objects were put on display and caused the museum’s popularity to skyrocket. Soon the Montagu House proved to be too small for the growing crowds. Montagu house, Great Russell Street, was its first home, though the current building was built on the same site between 1823 and 1852. It has been the subject of several subsequent additions and alterations. The Reading Room, quiet study of people such as Karl Marx, Virginia Woollf, and Thomas Carlyle, was built in the 1850s. beautifu-interior-of-british-museumThe British Museum celebrated its 250th birthday in 2003. The British Museum in London was founded by the scientist Sir Hans Sloane in 1753, but it was officially opened to the public on January 15, 1759. Until 1997, it was both a museum as well as the national library of England. The Museum is divided into several sections or departments, to make it easier for the visitors to focus and choose which department of the museum they want to visit. The British Museum is actually a museum of human history as well as culture. british-museum-panoramaThe museum will take you back to the long history throughout the world. Here you will get to see the collections of over eight million objects that are among the world’s largest as well as most comprehensive that are brought from all the continents on the earth. Every object illustrates and documents the story of human culture right from the beginning until the present. Until the year 1997, while the British Library (formerly focused on the Round Reading Room) shifted to a new-fangled site, the British Museum was only one of its kinds in that site; it housed both a national library and a national museum of antiquities within the same structure. british-museum-at-nightThis museum is a non-departmental and has a public body, which is sponsored by the Department for Media, Culture, and Sport similar to any of the national museums, which are located in the United Kingdom; British Museum London has no charges or admission fee. Since the year 2002 the administrator of this museum is Neil MacGregor.The Parthenon Marbles, also known as the Elgin Marbles, are several sculptures originally belonging in the Parthenon and other various buildings in the Acropolis of Athens, Greece. british-museum-insideThey represent over half of the surviving sculptures of the Parthenon. Besides the Marbles, the British Museum houses the Rosetta Stone, key to reading ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics; the Black Obelisk from Calah and Ninevah; gold, silver, and shell work from Ur; Sutton Hoo ship’s treasure from the famous burial site; and Chinese ceramics from the Ming dynasty. You can find items here from every corner of the old British Empire, and from many archaeological sites in England herself. The reading room is so fascinating and large that people after entering the spot stands still for some time looking at every corner of the room. It is so beautiful and the panorama is just superb. beautiful-british-museumIt was until mid 19th century when the collections of the museum were restricted. However, in the year 1851, the museum then started collecting for the first time the British as well as European medieval antiquities, prehistory, branching out into Asia, and diversifying the holdings of ethnography. This was happened due to the staff of Augustus Wollaston Franks, as the appointment with the museum during that time proved to be fruitful. These days it has been malformed into the huge Walter and Leonore Annenberg Center and contains the Paul Hamlyn Library of books regarding the collections of the Museum, which is kept open to all of its visitors. The Number of visitors to the British Museum has grown from 5000 per year in the eighteenth century, to about 6 000 000 per year nowadays. british-museum-entranceThe building has a total of 94 rooms full of history and artifacts from all over the world, so a visit to this museum will give you some information that you certainly had no idea about. Museum London will be a lifetime experience, as you will meet the very ancient civilization and world of antiquities.

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